I hear a hiss or hum in my ears. What is tinnitus?
Therefore, some people can hear a radio that while they are in their room completely silent or a continuous whistle while no cicada is nearby.
Tinnitus is sometimes accompanied by sound intolerance (1), a condition called hyperacusis. Hyperacusis is present when we find sounds to be too loud, while they have a strong volume but tolerable according to our surroundings.
What are the possible causes?
Tinnitus can be caused by several causes. Here is a short list:
1. Hearing loss (2)
2. Exposition to loud noises (3) →
3. Concussion or head injury
4. Vascular problem
5. Neck or jaw problem
6. Impacted earwax
7. Medication intake
8. Presence of a pathology
9. Other factors
However, the cause of tinnitus is often unknown.
How does tinnitus occur?
This theory indicates that under-stimulation of the brain and auditory nerve, due to damage, would result in ill-adapted compensation. The brain in response to decreased stimulation would increase its activity, which would be the cause of tinnitus (C).
What proportion of the population is affected?
Indeed, hearing a sound continuously when you would like to be able to enjoy the silence can become very inconvenient for some people.
What are the solutions?
1. Consult health professional
2. Solutions according to the type of tinnitus
In the case of tinnitus of auditory origin, there are some possible solutions. Wearing hearing aids, sound therapy or sound enrichment, cognitive behavioural therapy, relaxation technique and good sleep hygiene can reduce disturbance.
3. Support from people in similar situations
Do you have tinnitus? Do not hesitate to contact the ODYO team! An audiologist can help you.